Open scienceOpen data are the data collected in the course of scientific research and made accessible on the Internet via open access. Open data can freely and without any restrictions be downloaded, disseminated and re-used in research. It is only required that correct and clear reference should be made to the creator of the data. Open access to research data is important because it
- ensures rational use of state financing since it helps to avoid supporting of repeated research,
- improves and broadens cooperation between different fields of science,
- improves and furthers international cooperation.
In 2015, Estonian Research Council established the Open Science Expert Group which has compiled the general principles and policy recommendations document for open science in Estonia. This document is a systematic approach in the field of open science, where the principles of open science are introduced, the main open science policy options and further activities are indicated. The purpose of the document is to create a common framework and understanding how to handle open science issues in Estonia and to encourage the development of national strategy and institutional policies in open science.
Open Science in Estonia: Principles and Recommendations for Developing National Policy (June 2016)